BRL: Braille through Remote Learning
Main BRL page
English Braille, American Edition 1994
Nemeth Mathematics 1972
Summary of Rules
- General Rules
- Alternative Contractions
- Single Letter
- And, for, of, the, with
- Child, shall, this, which, out, still
- Whole-word lower: his, was, were, be, in, enough
- Rules for lower sign
- Part-word lower sign
- Whole-word lower: to, into, by
- Double-letter: bb,cc,dd,ff,gg, ea
- Initial letter
- Final letter and short form words
Typical Problem words
Copyright © 1996, 1997,1998,1999, 2000 The Shodor Education Foundation, Inc., All
1. General Rules for Use of Contractions
- Contractions are to be used:
- When letters they represent fall in the same syllable.
- When they overlap a minor syllable division.
- The ar contraction is used when it overlaps syllable division between the prefix a and a root or base word beginning with r.
- The ea contraction is used when the endings al, an, or ate are added to a root or base word ending with e.
- When they contain the letters a, e, or o in a prefix or suffix and are not part of a diphthong or diaeresis ae or oe.
- Contractions are not to be used:
- When their use would alter the usual braille form of a base word to which a prefix or suffix has been added.
- When they overlap a major syllable division.
- Between root or base word and a prefix or suffix.
- Between base words joined to form a compound word.
- Between consonants that are pronounced separately.
- When letters in the contraction would fall in the diphtong or diaeresis ae or oe.
- When the following vowel diagraphs or trigraphs are involved: ee followed by a, oi followed by ty, oo followed by ne, and eau preceded by bl.
- When their use affects pronunciation by:
- Causing difficult in pronunciation
- Disturbing pronunciation of a consonantal diagraph or trigraph.